Comma is a sign (,) that indicates the shortest pause within a sentence. It is an interval without speech.

Happiness, like any other emotion, is short lived.

Comma Rules

1. The comma is used to separate nouns, pronouns, phrases, etc or items, names in lists.

Sybil, Barney, Allan and George have passed.
The nation cannot progress, to tell the truth, without education.

2. Comma may not be put between the last two words joined by "and" when the words or items are separate.

We play basketball, tennis, golf and rugby.

3. The comma is used to separate words explaining nouns or pronouns or to separate clauses.

Jane, who is a student, lives here.
The people need power, the power to crush evil, and the power to get justice and to do justice. (in this sentence, comma may or may not be used before 'and the power.')

4. The comma is used while addressing someone.

Rita, go and cook the food.
I have told you, students and the teachers, that without honest work no progress will be visible.

5. The comma is used while separating clauses.

When I reached the station, the train had left.
We waited for a change for years, but no leader helped us to see it.

6. The comma is used to separate the reported speech from the reporting speech.

She said, "I am very happy to see you".
"Dictators like the Pharaos of Egypt are hated in the 21st century", said she.

7. The comma is used with certain adverbs like however, meanwhile, anyway etc.

We were tired. However, we continued the journey.
We did not have much money, anyway, we managed to buy a car.
He will get the job next month, meanwhile, he is working at home.

8. The comma is used in dates, letters, etc according to the occasion.

December 3, 2014, Dear sir,

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